Tagged with "Stephen"
UFO/ET Citizen Hearing Director/Witness Stephen Bassett's Anomalous Eye Movements Tags: UFO/ET Citizen Hearing Director/Witness Stephen Bassett's Anomalous Eye Movements

Published on 30 May 2013 by Alfred Lambremont Webre

READ ARTICLE-SEE VIDEOS:
UFO Citizen Hearing witnesses Bassett, Huneeus and Greer's anomalous eye movements may indicate brain-mind entrainment by manipulatory non-Earthling extraterrestrials or advanced military-intelligence nanotechnology
UFO Citizen Hearing Director Stephen Bassett's startling anomalous eye movements
By Alfred Lambremont Webre, JD, MEd

 

Chipmaker Races to Save Stephen Hawking’s Speech as His Condition Deteriorates Tags: Modern Science Stephen Hawking Androide

My question is.... Is Stephen Hawkig a Guinea Pig???

SiNeh~

Chipmaker Races to Save Stephen Hawking’s Speech as His Condition Deteriorates

ntel is developing communication technology that can quickly process and respond to signals Hawking sends from the few muscles in his body that he can still control

DEFIANT: Intel is working on a system that will use physicist Stephen Hawking’s cheek twitch as well as mouth and eyebrow movements to provide signals to his computer. Hawking is looking to prevent the further deterioration of his ability to communicate. Image: Courtesy of ²°¹°°, via Wikimedia Commons

Renowned physicist Stephen Hawking has long relied on technology to help him connect with the outside world despite the degenerative motor neuron disease he has battled for the past 50 years. Whereas Hawking’s condition has deteriorated over time, a highly respected computer scientist indicated at last week’s International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) that he and his team may be close to a breakthrough that could boost the rate at which the physicist communicates, which has fallen to a mere one word per minute in recent years.

For the past decade Hawking has used a voluntary twitch of his cheek muscle to compose words and sentences one letter at a time that are expressed through a speech-generation device connected to his computer. Each tweak stops a cursor that continuously scans text on a screen facing the scientist.

At CES, Intel chief technology officer Justin Rattner noted that Hawking can actually make a number of other facial expressions as well that might also be used to speed up the rate at which the physicist conveys his thoughts. Even providing Hawking with two inputs would give him the ability to communicate using Morse code, “which would be a great improvement,” said Rattner, who is also director of Intel Labs.

Read the whole article at http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=intel-helps-hawking-communicate&WT.mc_id=SA_WR_20130123

What If All the World’s Debt Just Went Away? Tags: 2012 Scenario Debt Forgivenes Stephen Cook

What If All the World’s Debt Just Went Away?

012 December 28

Posted by Stephen Cook

What If All the World’s Debt Just Went Away?

Stephen: As we look towards what 2013 holds and we look inward (and forward) to how we will all be serving in coming weeks and months, debt forgiveness remains a much-desired, practical and peaceful solution to much of the current world’s woes. But how might such a concept work?

This article – despite being written prior to December 21 and claiming it is ‘just for fun’ (as its introductory sentence suggests) - provides a rather sensible analysis of the whys and hows of a new world starting with a clean financial state. Thanks to Martha.

By Joe Brewer, Cognitive Policy Works – December 19, 2012

http://www.cognitivepolicyworks.com/blog/2012/12/19/what-if-all-the-worlds-debt-just-went-away/

Just for fun, imagine if all debt were wiped away when the Mayan Calendar ends this Friday…

How would the world be different? What would become possible for you personally in your life? How would nations and corporations invest our newfound wealth differently if we all started from a clean slate?

Problems like global warming and extreme poverty would instantly become financial drops in the bucket—easily tackled with fair contracts and forward-looking investments. The structural debts of entrenched subsidies, invested capital, tax havens, and trade agreements that keep them from being addressed would simply no longer exist.

Sounds too good to be true, doesn’t it?

Well, just such a fantasy used to be standard practice in the Hebrew Tradition throughout the early days of their civilization.

They held a great Jubilee every seven years to erase all debt and end economic slavery. Accounts kept on stone tablets were broken. Those stored on papyrus were burned to ash. Slaves were returned to their families. Everyone was given a fresh start.

(This tradition is being revived today through the Occupy-inspired project, Rolling Jubilee, that has already abolished more than $9,000,000 in US debt for everyday citizens.)

The Invention of Debt

What you may not know is that debt arose recently on the human stage. Throughout more than 99% of our history we have not even had a concept for debt. (The interested reader can pick up David Graeber’s excellent book Debt: The First 5000 Years for the full story.)

Anthropological studies of hunter-gatherer societies reveal that there were no barter systems, no currencies to use for money, and — in the absence of these cultural artifacts — there was no debt.

With all the great variation across cultures one might expect from ethnographic research, the anthropologists found that some tribal communities engaged in “gift economies” where status arises from how generous a person after they have acquired wealth, while others have remained egalitarian and non-hierarchical for thousands of years by sharing their food and materials based on the principles of “from each as they are able, to each as they need.”

This belies the great misunderstanding about communism that treats it as a state-centric governing system, when in truth it is the foundational sentiment of any community that builds upon the trust and good will of social relations between people who know and depend upon one another — a condition that has held for all hunter-gatherer societies throughout our long 200,000 year history as a species.

Pick up any economics textbook at random and you will find a classic (and false) “just so” story about the need for barter systems to have money. They all go something like this: Steve has potatoes and needs some shoes. Bob has shoes but does not need any potatoes. They are unable to directly exchange goods due to this mismatch of need, and so must introduce a money system to preserve the value of currency across multiple exchanges that enable Steve to sell his potatoes to Sue and acquire money that he can then use to pay Bob for a pair of shoes. What this simple narrative conceals is the broad evidence from ancient cultures studied by anthropologists that no such problem arises in this way.

What really happens is that a warring society has arisen somewhere and is in a mode of conquest — to get a sense of how this happens, read my article about psychopaths and agrarian city states. When this burgeoning empire conquers new land, the ruler imposes a system of taxation on the local populace to pay for the costs of war. This imposition of scarcity, by extracting resources from the local population to be hoarded by the warrior chieftain, is what leads to the emergence of barter systems and — in some instances — the introduction of a money system and coinage by the ruler.

In the absence of war and conquest, hunter-gatherer societies do not spontaneously create barter systems. Instead they share more or less equally within their tribe and only trade with other tribes through highly ritualized and often conflict-ridden exchanges that take place when two tribes come together for a brief interaction. The pathway that does lead to the emergence of barter systems takes place in agrarian societies where some kind of accounting system has been created to track debts. And from these accounting systems we do find that debt is present.

So where does debt come from if it isn’t naturally a part of human societies?

Again it is the imposition of scarcity by the ruling class — designed to extract and hoard wealth in the hands of a powerful elite — that creates the notion of debt. Does this sound familiar in today’s context? Many countries were “modernized” throughout the 20th Century by introducing market systems that structure debt into the economies of newly founded nations.

These nations now must pay tributes — in the form of interest payments — to external banks that extract wealth from the poor countries and hoard it in the coffers of wealthy countries.

Stated plainly, debt is created when a powerful group of people impose scarcity upon another group of people who have been conquered.

This is the root cause of poverty. It is the destabilizing force of unequal societies that breeds civil unrest and revolution.

Thus the need for Hebrew kings to introduce Jubilee. They knew that a revolution might cause the people to rise up and clear their own debts, while also uprooting the monarchy from power. In order to preserve their power base, they would routinely erase the debt and start again.

A Note About Debt and Moral Accounting

The astute reader may already be asking, “What does this story about the creation of debt say about the religious use of moral accounting?”

You may have noticed that all the world religions have at their core a transactional relationship between God and humans — where each person owes a debt to their creator and must pay it either by relinquishing sin from their lives or by returning to their maker upon death.

This economic transaction frame for moral accounting is not present in all human societies. Those hunter-gatherer tribes practicing the ethic of distribution based on need have no concept for trading an eye-for-an-eye. Nor do they see a gift as something to be repaid, expressing disgust at the insult of treating their generosity in such a transactional manner.

Instead what anthropologists have found is that debt-based morality is only present in societies that already have accounting systems and also engage routinely in barter and monetary exchange.

In other words, this moral accounting system is a product of war and conquest and not a natural part of human society. So it may help to keep this in mind the next time you feel a debt to one of your friends, society, or your maker.

What Would It Mean to Erase All Debt?

We are living in a time when too many of our financial resources are allocated to non-productive activities — principally the accumulation of wealth by “making money with money” and a myopic focus on economic activities that service our massive debts.

This is why people work at jobs they hate. It is why investments are not being made in renewable energy, public education, the arts, health care, or the eradication of poverty.

We have built a massive financial house of cards on debt — with money itself coming into being when loans are taken out, a pool that grows exponentially due to the interest that accompanies it — and so we are not able to bring consumer culture to an end or focus our creative talents on planetary sustainability. (By the way, this is exactly what my friends at /The Rules are trying to address in their global mobilization effort.)

So if we were to erase all debt, the 7 billion people alive today could focus on their passions.

We could all come together to address global threats — be they resource-based like the scarcity of fresh water or peaking of global oil production; or cultural like the loss of spiritual meaning in the secularization of society or the soullessness of employment drudgery that comes from working long hours at a mind-numbing job.

What comes to my mind is the way cities try to implement broad solutions to address economic development, transportation, resource management, social justice, and environmental concerns. They must operate within constrained budgets that keep draining further without a clear end in sight.

I imagine what would be possible if everyone was able to set out on their own intellectual and experiential journeys without the fear of a debt-collector coming to their door. How then would the peoples of this world choose to live out their lives?

Perhaps you have your own dreams of a better world for you and your loved ones. What comes to mind for you? This is not merely an academic question, by the way, because we each participate in the social realities that are lent our beliefs, our actions, and our obligations. If we were to collectively decide that our debts are no more, they would cease to exist.

This is because what we take to be real in many respects becomes so as a self-fulfilling prophesy. We each have the power to be accountants — defining “the real” by choosing what to measure and imbuing it with significance. In this way, the Gross Domestic Product was claimed as an economic altar for measuring the progress of civilization in the 20th Century. Perhaps in the 21st we will replace it with Gross National Happiness or some other novel metric for capturing the essence of our values and purpose as a civilization on this Earth.

So I’ll ask you again… imagine if all debt were wiped away when the Mayan Calendar comes to an end this Friday?

Let your thoughts drift and see where they go!

 

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