Google’s Advanced Technology and Projects (ATAP) group is one of the most exciting divisions of any major technology company: It’s where Project Ara, Google's modular phone experiment, and Project Tango, Google's 3D-mapping tool, were born and are continuing to be incubated. Now, Google is shooting for the moon with another big idea—Project Jacquard.
Project Jacquard is an effort to invisibly incorporate computers into objects, materials, and clothing. Everyday items such as sweaters, jackets, and furniture will be turned into interactive surfaces that can be used as trackpads, buttons and more. The objects will receive information directly from the surface of the material used to build them, eliminating the need for bulky plastic or metal parts. The objects will then transmit information to a nearby smartphone or computer using low-powered Wi-Fi.
In order to give everyday objects computing power, Project Jacquard engineers had to weave conductive yarns into common textiles. The yarn created for Project Jacquard combines ultra-thin metallic alloys and common synthetic yarn such as cotton, polyester or silk. The end result is a fabric that’s strong enough to be used in common pieces of clothing and home interior items. The yarn is meant to be indistinguishable from common household fabrics.
Creating a conductive textile material was only half of the equation. Project Jacquard engineers also created complimentary computers that are meant to power any textile-based wearable. The computer components created by the Jacquard team are no bigger than the size of a button, and they’re capable of capturing touch interactions and various gestures. The commands received by the sensor would be wirelessly transmitted to a mobile phone or other device within range.
This isn't the first time we've seen conductive material woven into fabrics. But Google wants to help make such products less of a novelty and more common. In order to do that, the company will be partnering with fashion brands to integrate useful wearable computing into fashionable clothing. Google announced that the first partner in Project Jacquard is Levis. To learn more about Project Jacquard, check out the video below.
One of the tool used by the military in behavior modification and mind-control is the remotely operated electromagnetic frequency weapons. These weapons use microwave, ELF (Extremely Low Frequencies) and acoustics frequencies to covertly manipulate the minds of persons under attack. The use of frequency weapons upon humans toward behavioral control and murder is not new. For well over 50 years, Neuro-Electro-magnetic Frequency Weapons have been perfected by their covert use in warfare. These ‘classified’, ‘non-lethal’ or ‘silent’ weapons have also been perfected by experimenting on unsuspecting individuals since their early development. Directing a beam of frequencies to a human brain can cause a series of serious side-effects. ELF waves cause nausea, headaches, accelerated heart rate without cause, to name but a few. In 1974, the first unclassified successful transmission of the human voice directly into the skull of a living person was performed by Dr. Joseph C. Sharp, of the Walter Reed army institute of research by transforming a hypnotist’s voice using ELF’s. This technique was later developed into the Smirnov scramble method, and used in the Gulf War. It is possible to hypnotize a target without the target being aware and leaving zero trace of evidence.
By emitting frequencies that oscillate in a certain frequency range a victim can be manipulated. There are 6 types of brainwaves: Delta is the frequency range up to 4 Hz and is associated with sleep. Theta is the frequency range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz and is associated with drowsiness, childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. Alpha (Berger’s wave) is the frequency range from 8 Hz to 12 Hz. Sensory motor rhythm (SMR) is a middle frequency (about 12-16 Hz) associated with physical stillness and body presence. A target will have trouble moving whenever this frequency is applied. Beta is the frequency range above 12 Hz. Low amplitude beta with multiple and varying frequencies is often associated with active, busy or anxious thinking and active concentration. Gamma is the frequency range approximately 26-80 Hz. Gamma rhythms appear to be involved in higher mental activity, including perception, problem solving, fear, and consciousness. A frequency weapon’s shape depends on how frequencies have to be directed to the target. The US Patent and Trademark Office holds a vast amounts of patents for machines which can be used in direct or subliminal mind-control systems. One of these is a Hearing System, US Patent #4,877,027, by Wayne Brunkan, October 31, 1989. A method for directly inducing sound into the head of a person, using microwaves in the range of 100 MHz to 10,000 MHz, modulated with a waveform of frequency- modulated bursts. Another is the Method and System for Altering Consciousness, US Patent #5,123,899, of James Gall, June 23, 1992. A system for altering the states of human consciousness involving the use of simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferably sounds, having differing frequencies. Yet another is the Superimposing Method and Apparatus Useful for Subliminal Messages, US Patent #5,134,484, Joseph Wilson, July 28, 1992. and Method of Changing a Person’s Behavior, Subliminal Message Generator, US Patent #5,270,800, of Robert Sweet, December 14, 1993. A combined subliminal and supra-liminal message generator for use with a television receiver; permits complete control of subliminal messages and their presentation.
Also applicable to cable television and computers. Auditory Subliminal Message System and Method, US Patent #4,395,600, Rene Lundy and David Tyler, July 26, 1983. An amplitude-controlled subliminal message may be mixed with background music. And Psycho-Acoustic Projector, US Patent #3,568,347, Andrew Flanders, February 23, 1971. A system for producing aural psychological disturbances and partial deafness in the enemy during combat situations. Enough about the frequency weapons.
The key to projecting commands in the minds of other people rests in understanding what is being communicated. In the 1950’s the UK and USA decided to set up the world’s biggest espionage network to ensure all communications between Russians and spies or allies was monitored. This system has continuously been updated since its inception. The system’s name is Echelon and consists of a vast network of listening posts, extremely advanced computers, an enormous amount of people, dishes and taps. Echelon captures every communication via Internet, GSM, UMTS, landlines, TV and radio broadcasts, satellite communications (private, military and diplomatic) and listens to every word, well the computers do. The computers work with a list of keywords and when a message contains one or more keywords the message is directed to a specialist who examines its content. If the message is ‘suspicious’ further action is taken.
This Black Government “Silent Weapons” technology has been developed to monitor the location and manipulate the minds of the general populace. Echelon centers are located around the world including Menwith Hill , North Yorkshire, England. HAARP, Remote Mind Control Computer Center, Alaska. And Pine Gap, near Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia.
The NSA is also constructing a network of towers up to 500 feet high, each tower at a distance of 200 miles apart and stretching from the east to the west of the US. The network is called GWEN, Ground Wave Emergency Network, and transmits Very Low Frequencies combined with Ultra High Frequencies and is used in case the communication systems in the US are rendered useless because of a nuclear attack. Coincidentally the frequencies of GWEN coincide with the frequencies being used by frequency weapons. If you start thinking about what can happen to a 500 feet high tower when exposed to a nuclear weapon you kind of start thinking if building high structures is the right strategy for nuclear scenarios. Also mobile telephone systems like GSM and UMTS also operate in the same frequency areas as some frequency weapons; this means that these systems, like GWEN, can potentially be used as a weapon, by altering the modulation of the frequencies and the direction of the signal.
Scientists have discovered a new state of matter, called 'Jahn-Teller metals'
And it could be the key to understanding one of the biggest mysteries in physics today - high-temperature superconductors.
An international team of scientists has announced the discovery of a new state of matter in a material that appears to be an insulator, superconductor, metal and magnet all rolled into one, saying that it could lead to the development of more effective high-temperature superconductors.
Why is this so exciting? Well, if these properties are confirmed, this new state of matter will allow scientists to better understand why some materials have the potential to achieve superconductivity at a relativity high critical temperature (Tc) - "high" as in −135 °C as opposed to −243.2 °C. Because superconductivity allows a material to conduct electricity without resistance, which means no heat, sound, or any other form of energy release, achieving this would revolutionise how we use and produce energy, but it’s only feasible if we can achieve it at so-called high temperatures.
As Michael Byrne explains at Motherboard, when we talk about states of matter, it’s not just solids, liquids, gases, and maybe plasmas that we have to think about. We also have to consider the more obscure states that don’t occur in nature, but are rather created in the lab - Bose–Einstein condensate, degenerate matter, supersolids and superfluids, and quark-gluon plasma, for example.
By introducing rubidium into carbon-60 molecules - more commonly known as 'buckyballs' - a team led by chemist Kosmas Prassides from Tokohu University in Japan was able to change the distance between them, which forced them into a new, crystalline structure. When put through an array of tests, this structure displayed a combination of insulating, superconducting, metallic, and magnetic phases, including a brand new one, which the researchers have named 'Jahn-Teller metals'.
Named after the Jahn-Teller effect, which is used in chemistry to describe how at low pressures, the geometric arrangement of molecules and ions in an electronic state can become distorted, this new state of matter allows scientists to transform an insulator - which can’t conduct electricity - into a conductor by simply applying pressure. Byrne explains at Motherboard:
"This is what the rubidium atoms do: apply pressure. Usually when we think about adding pressure, we think in terms of squeezing something, forcing its molecules closer together by brute force. But it's possible to do the same thing chemically, tweaking the distances between molecules by adding or subtracting some sort of barrier between them - sneaking in some extra atoms, perhaps.
What happens in a Jahn-Teller metal is that as pressure is applied, and as what was previously an insulator - thanks to the electrically-distorting Jahn-Teller effect - becomes a metal, the effect persists for a while. The molecules hang on to their old shapes. So, there is an overlap of sorts, where the material still looks an awful lot like an insulator, but the electrons also manage to hop around as freely as if the material were a conductor."
And it’s this transition phase between insulator and conductor that, until now, scientists have never seen before, and hints at the possibility of transforming insulating materials into super-valuable superconducting materials. And this buckyball crystalline structure appears to be able to do it at a relatively high TC. "The relationship between the parent insulator, the normal metallic state above Tc, and the superconducting pairing mechanism is a key question in understanding all unconventional superconductors," the team writes in Science Advances.
There’s a whole lot of lab-work to be done before this discovery will mean anything for practical energy production in the real world, but that’s science for you. And it’s got people excited already, as chemist Elisabeth Nicol from the University of Guelph in Canada told Hamish Johnston at PhysicsWorld: "Understanding the mechanisms at play and how they can be manipulated to change the Tc surely will inspire the development of new [superconducting] materials".