HEALTH & RESEARCH
To Protect Marijuana from Monsanto Patenting, Company Begins Mapping Cannabis Genome Tags: Empowerment Genetic Modification

By Jay Syrmopoulos

A pioneering biotechnology startup has launched an online interactive guide that maps the genetic evolution of the cannabis genome, allowing for specific strains of marijuana that are already in the public domain a form of protection from patenting by large biotech firms such as Monsanto.

After two years of collecting samples, sequencing the plant’s DNA and developing the software to allow for a 3-D visualization of the collected data, the company was ready to unveil their long-awaited project.

“Sample collection was a huge part of this process,” Carolyn White, Sales and Marketing Manager at Phylos Bioscience told Willamette Week. “One side was a collaboration with growers, dispensaries and labs to collect modern samples, and the other a process of hunting down ancient landrace strains from all over the world.”

The Portland company, fittingly on 4/20, went online with its interactive guide, which the company calls Galaxy.

According to a report in The New York Times:

 

The resulting visualization will offer anyone the ability to easily travel in cyberspace through a three-dimensional projection of the genetic information drawn from sequencing samples of the plant, which is increasingly being legalized for medical and recreational use in states throughout the country…

Phylos has created a colorful 3-D map that visually represents the statistical relationships between different breeds of the plant. The company hopes that having genetic information easily available will help bring order to a business that began underground and is now making a commercial transition.

Over time, the scientists believe, this sort of visual map can be applied to other types of plants, or even to animals.

While there are a number of other companies that offer various services in identification and cataloging, none offer actual DNA sequencing, which provides an unparalleled level of accuracy.

According to a report in Willamette Week:

With the Galaxy, users can view the hereditary sequence of each plant by following lines that connect strains to their genetic parent or offspring. Similar plants are located close to each other, while color groups the plants into “tribes” based on their region.

“We’ve collected samples from all over the world, and cataloged the genetic information encoded in their DNA,” Dr. Holmes, Phylos’s chief science officer and molecular and evolutionary biologist, in addition to being a co-founder of Phylos Bioscience, told the NY Times, relating the DNA sequencing to an actual bar code in terms of identification and evolutionary relationship relative to other samples.

The data could theoretically help protect the intellectual property rights of growers from potential big business interests, such as Monsanto, from gaining a patent foothold in the growing industry.

Due to the social media attention given to the subject, Monsanto has attempted to refute any interest in producing GMO cannabis, posting on their website that the companies reported interest in GMO marijuana is nothing more than “an Internet rumor.”

Additionally, on April 25, Monsanto spokeswoman Charla Lord told Willamette Week that the company will not be getting involved in the marijuana business.

“Monsanto has not, is not and has no plans for working on cultivating cannabis,” Lord told WW.

Contrary to the public statements by Lord, White says that he expects companies like Monsanto will attempt to eventually patent cannabis.

“We think Big Pharma and Big Ag will be the primary audience after patents, and it will likely require writing new DNA in to the plant,” White told WW. “None of the folks at Phylos really see patenting as a viable tool for the average breeder.”

Phylos looks to assist in pushing more data into the public domain as a hedge against patenting by large bio-agribusiness as information in the public domain can’t be patented after one year.

“You can’t patent anything that’s been in the public domain longer than a year,” White told WW. “We set out to bring more knowledge and transparency to the industry and that’s still what we’re doing.”

The next step for the innovative company is the launch of a commercial sequencing product to allow for anyone to send in a sample to Phylos and have it sequenced. The sample would be placed into the Galaxy, with the customer being given a detailed analysis of the strains sequenced data.

Jay Syrmopoulos writes for TheFreeThoughtProject.com, where this article first appeared.

 

7 Inspirational Stories of People Who Beat Their Cancer with Cannabis Oil Tags: Alternative Science Empowerment Forbidden Knowledge Health

Sherrie Hurd, Contributor
Waking Times

After several decades of stigma and criminalization, the image of cannabis is finally being reconsidered. Myths and prejudices are now giving way to the recognition of this ancient plant’s incredible medicinal properties. Indeed, if we had to make a full list of the positive effects marijuana has on one’s mental and physical health, that would be a huge one.

If you don’t want to take my word for it, make your decision after reading these amazing stories of survival thanks to the use of cannabis oil. It’s true, this miracle herb has saved the lives of many people!

Rick Simpson

Okay, it all started here. Rick Simpson invented hemp oil medicine which supposedly cured his own cancer. Because of routine cancer treatments, Rick had become a “zombie”. When he discovered how well the oil worked, he decided to present his cure to the Canadian authorities, where they attempted to prosecute him. However, he is still considered a hero.

David Triplett

Stricken with cancerous lesions, David decided to give up his chemo cream. He was frightened of the results of the skin cream on other cancer patients. Instead of following doctor’s orders, David decided to use cannabis oil on the lesions. After four weeks, the cancerous lesions were gone.

Dennis Hill

Six months is all it took for Dennis Hill to rid his body of Cancer. He proudly proclaims, “Cannabis Kills Cancer!” And do you know why? Hill, biochemist, claims to have treated his own Cancer with Rick Simpson’s Cannabis oil. Along with healthy eating and exercise, Hill’s tumor disappeared completely.

Shona Banda

 

Shona may not have battled Cancer, but her eight year war with Chron’s disease had her bedridden most of the time and walking with a cane. While looking for alternative remedies, Shona came across Rick Simpson’s Cannabis oil video. Since investing in this miracle oil, Shona is cured. She wrote a book called, Live Free or Die.

Cheryl Shuman

Beverly Hill’s Celebrity, Cheryl Shuman was tired of taking a cocktail of various medications, including 27 morphine tablets in a day. After discovering cannabis oil, Shuman started treating herself. After 90 days, she is in remission from cancer.

Peter Germain

Type 2 Diabetes can be more dangerous and debilitation than you think. This disease had greatly affected Peter Germain’s quality of life. When he decided to try something new, the results were amazing. In six weeks of trying cannabis oil, Peter lost 50 lbs. and his blood sugar levels reduced drastically.

Mykayla

Nine year old cancer patient, Mykayla, was headed toward full body radiation and a bone marrow transplant. Her parents refused to let her endure this suffering and instead opted to use cannabis oil. After six days of use, Mykayla was in remission. How astounding is that!

More and more people come to the understanding that the medical industry provides treatments and no cures. If we can all be cured from cancer or some other horrific illnesses, why shouldn’t we give it a try? Let’s get rid of the marijuana stigma and keep working toward the final answer!

Hope triumphs again!

About the Author

Sherrie Hurd is an artist and a regular contributor to the websites Learning Mind and Life Advancer. She spends most of her time giving life to the renegade thoughts. As the words erupt and form new life, she knows that she is yet again free from the nagging persistence of her muse. She is a mother of three and a lifetime fan of the thought-provoking and questionable aspects of the universe.

Like Waking Times on Facebook. Follow Waking Times on Twitter.

This article (7 Inspirational Stories of People Who Beat Their Cancer with Cannabis Oil) was originally created and published by Waking Times and is published here under a Creative Commons license with attribution to Sherrie Hurd and WakingTimes.com. It may be re-posted freely with proper attribution, author bio, and this copyright statement.

Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of WakingTimes or its staff.

 

Researchers Finally Confirm That Cancer Is A Purely Man-Made Disease Tags: Forbidden Knowledge Health Social Engineering

By Amando Flavio

Researchers from the University Of Manchester, United Kingdom, have concluded that cancer is a purely modern, man-made disease.

In the United Kingdom alone, Cancer claims more than 150,000 lives each year. Statistics also show that about one in three people in the United Kingdom is likely to get cancer.

The researchers spent a great deal of time studying mummies, fossils and classical literature before arriving at their conclusion.

The researchers said the disease is a man-made disease fuelled by the excesses of modern life. This is because tumors were rare until recent times, when pollution and poor diet became an issue.

In the study of Egyptian mummies, for example, the researchers found no signs of cancer in many of them—with the exception of one isolated case. Slivers of tissue from hundreds of Egyptian mummies were rehydrated and placed under the microscope. The researchers found only one case of cancer in the mummies examined.

 

In the past, some researchers have argued that the ancient Egyptians did not live long enough to develop cancer. To dismiss this weak argument, the researchers pointed out that other age-related disease, such as hardening of the arteries and brittle bones, occurred during this time.

The journal Nature Reviews Cancer reports that fossil evidence of cancer is not solid, with scientific literature providing a few dozen, mostly disputed, examples in animal fossils. Even the study of thousands of Neanderthal bones has provided only one example of a possible cancer.

s 4

Evidence of cancer in ancient Egyptian texts is also tenuous, with cancer-like problems more likely being caused by leprosy or even varicose veins. It is said the ancient Greeks were probably the first to define cancer as a specific disease, and to distinguish between benign and malignant tumors.

The 17th century provides the first descriptions of operations for breast and other cancers. However, the first reports in scientific literature of distinctive tumors only occurred in the past 200 years. Nasal cancer in snuff users appeared in 1761. Scrotal cancer in chimney sweeps was also discovered in 1775.

Lead researcher of this current study, Michael Zimmerman said there should have been plenty of cancer-related evidence available in ancient societies because they lacked effective healthcare.

“In an ancient society lacking surgical intervention, evidence of cancer should remain in all cases. The virtual absence of malignancies in mummies must be interpreted as indicating their rarity in antiquity, indicating that cancer-causing factors are limited to societies affected by modern industrialization,” Zimmerman said.

s 3

Professor Rosalie David, who also played a key role in the analysis of the possible reference to the disease in classical literature, fossil records and mummified bodies, said:

“In industrialized societies, cancer is second only to cardiovascular disease as a cause of death. But in ancient times, it was extremely rare. There is nothing in the natural environment that can cause cancer. So it has to be a man-made disease, down to pollution and changes to our diet and lifestyle. The important thing about our study is that it gives a historical perspective to this disease. We can make very clear statements on the cancer rates in societies because we have a full overview. We have looked at millennia, not one hundred years, and have masses of data. Yet again extensive ancient Egyptian data, along with other data from across the millennia, has given modern society a clear message – cancer is man-made and something that we can and should address.”

The researchers recommended a healthy diet, regular physical activity and maintenance of a healthy weight. These three lifestyle choices are believed to be able to prevent about a third of the most common cancers known to researchers.


This Article (Disturbing: Researchers Finally Confirm That Cancer Is A Purely Man-Made Disease) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and AnonHQ.com

 

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